Dr. Paulino V. Garcia was the Chairman of the National Science Development Board (NSDB) from the time it was created in 1958 and until 1963. He has an outstanding medical practice before he became the Chairman of NSDB. He worked with friends in Congress to get NSDB tax exemption on imports of science equipment and supplies. He vigorously pursued infrastructure development projects such as the construction of the Atomic Research Center building, and sponsored the Cadang-cadang Research Foundation to save the coconut industry, the country’s most valuable export earner at the time. During his leadership, RA 3661 was passed creating the Philippine Science High School and attached it to NSDB. During his tenure, NSDB’s priorities were spread into the following activities: agricultural and industrial research [50 percent]; health, education, etc. [30 percent]; and researchers training [20 percent]. Research programs were designed to develop import substitutes, upgrade and expand exports, improvement of academic training of scientists and technologists, and generate a vibrant science consciousness among the people.