Scientist Profile

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Porfirio Alexander Miel Aliño

Outstanding Young Scientist (1993)

Expertise: Marine Biology, Reef Fisheries, Zoology, Coral Reef Rehabilitation.

Dr. Porfirio Alexander Miel Aliño is recognized for his outstanding research on the important and diverse coastal ecosystems in the Philippines: the coral reefs. His study on the coral reef community in Bolinao was the basis for the development of a holistic model of the reef structure and its interrelationships. His significant work on the reefs and reef environment as habitats for fish assemblages has important implications for reef fisheries which constitute over 50% of small-scale fishing in the Philippines.

Affiliation

Professor I, Marine Science Institute, UPD, Quezon City

Association

    • Philippine Association of Marine Scientists, Vice President for Luzon
    • International Society of Reef Studies, Member
    • Association of Southeast Asian Marine Scientists, Member
    • Tambuyog Development Foundation (NGO), Board Member
    • Center for Extension, Research and Development, Board Member

Employment

    • UP- MSI, Associate Professor, 1992 - 1997
    • UP-MSI, Assistant Professor, 1990 - 1992
    • UP-MSI, Instructor III, 1989 - 1990
    • James Cook University, Australia, Demonstrator-Marine Biology, 1988
    • Zoology Dept., UPD, Lecturer, 1985
    • Zoology Dept. UPD, Lecturer, Zoology 161, 1985
    • Zoology Dept., UPD, Lecturer, Zoology 161, 1984
    • Marine Science Center, UPD, Research Assistant, 1978 - 1985
    • UP Marine Science Institute, Research Associate, 1985 - 1989

Award

    • PCARR Scholarship Award (M.S. Fellow), PCARR, 1983
    • Postdoctoral Visit Fellowship, Darwin Museum of Arts and Natural History
    • Ph.D. Fellowship Grants, Australian Marine Science and Technology, 1985-1989
    • Outstanding Young Scientist (Marine Biology), National Academy of Science and Technology - DOST, 1993
    • Hugh Greenwood Environmental Science Award, National Academy of Science and Technology - DOST, 2003

Research

    • A study on the coral reef fishes of silty and polluted environments. Toledo, Cebu. 1983-1985 [COMPLETED]
    • A study on the recovery and recolonization of damaged reefs and their rehabilitation by coral transportation. Bolinao, Pangasinan. 1983-1985 [COMPLETED]
    • A survey of the octocorals in Bolinao, Pangasinan and an assessment of their ichthyotoxic potentials. September 1991-1993 [COMPLETED]
    • A survey on the effects of Mt. Pinatubo on the coral reef communities and fish assemblages. Zambales. July 1991 to Dec. 1991 [COMPLETED]
    • Bioaccumulation of tracemetals in bivalves found in the vicinity of the Tiwi Geothermal Plant.Tiwi, Albay. June 1990 to June 1991 [COMPLETED]
    • Coastal Ecosystem Responses Deforestation Derived-Siltation (CERDS)- European Community Project. 1994-1997 [COMPLETED]
    • Evaluation of Effective Reef Management Project-U.P. CIDS. 1996-1997 [COMPLETED]
    • Expansion ot the Puerto Galera Underwater Trail. Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro. Feb. 1990-March 1991. UNESCO-MAB pogram. [COMPLETED]
    • FSP training program for red tide monitoring and data management. July 1992-1993 [COMPLETED]
    • FSP-Resource and Ecological Assessment of Calauag, Quezon Province.January 1992 to 1993 [COMPLETED]
    • Integrated Protected Areas System Project (Marine and Coastal Protected Areas Component: Coral and fish community assessment). Oct. 1990-1991 [COMPLETED]
    • Reproductive activity of the gastropod mollusk Strombus luhuanus, Bolinao, Pangasinan. 1984-1985 [COMPLETED]
    • Resource and Ecological Assessment of the Ragay Gulf. 1994-1995 [COMPLETED]
    • Study on the feeding behavior of Siganus fuscescens. Bolinao, Pangasinan. 1989-1991 [COMPLETED]
    • Study on the stability of coral, fish and soft-bottom cummunities. Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro and Bolinao, Pangasinan. 1989 to1992. ASEA-Australia Living Coastal Resources Project. [COMPLETED]
    • Survey Status of Coral in the Philippines-CITES. 1995-1996 [COMPLETED]
    • Tropic dynamics and fisheries yield on coral reefs. Bolinao, Pangasinan. 1985 [COMPLETED]

Education

    • University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, B.S Marine Biology, 1978
    • University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, M. Sc. Marine Biology, 1983
    • James Cook University of North Queensland, Townsville, QLD Australia, Ph.D. Marine Biology, 1989

Publication

    • Aliño, P. M. Nanola, C. L. Jr. Ochavillo, D. G. Ranola, M. C., (1996) The fisheries potential of the Kalayaan Island Group, South China Sea.
    • Proceedings of the 1st Marine Biology of Hong Kong and the South China Sea.
    • McManus, J. W. Nanola, C. L. Jr. del Norte, A. G. C. Reyes, R. B. Jr. Pasamonte, J. N. P. Armada, N. P. Gomez, E. D. Aliño, P. M., (1996) Coral reef fishery sampling methods. In V.F. Gallucci, et al. (eds), Stock Assessment.
    • Quantative Methods and Applications for Small-scale Fisheries.CRC Press, Inc., New York, USA.
    • Nievales, M. F. J. Aliño, P. M., (1996) Some aspects of the population biology of the reef corals, Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus), in Taklong Island, Guimaras.
    • UPV Journal of Natural Science. Volume 1
    • Atrigenio, M. P. Aliño, M. P., (1996) Effects of the soft coral Xenia puertogalerae on the recruitment of scleractinian corals.
    • Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Volume 203
    • Aliño, P. M. Menez, M. A. J., (1995) What is common about the management of the Philippine coastal Marine Resource?
    • Proc. 4th Annual Common Property Conference. June 16-19,1993, Manila, Philippines.
    • Coll, J. C. Leone, P. A. Bowden, B. F. Carroll, A. R. Konig, G. M. Heaton, A. de Nys, R. Maida, M. Aliño, P. M. Willis, R. H. Babcock, R. C. Florian, M. N. Clayton, R, (1995) Chemical aspects of mass spawning in corals.
    • II. (-)-Epi-thunbergol, the sperm attractant in the eggs of the soft coral Lobophytum crassum (cnidaria: Octocorallia) Marine Biology. Volume 123
    • Mcglone, M. S. D. Villanoy, C. L. Aliño, P. M., (1995) Nutrient mediated stress on the marine communities on a coastal lagoon.
    • Marine Pollution Bulletin. Volume 31, No. (4&12):
    • Aliño, P. M. McManus, L. T. McManus, J. W. Nanola, C. Fortes, M. D. Trono, G. C. Jacinto, G. S., (1994) Initial parameter estimations of a coral reef flat ecosystem in Bolinao, Pangasinan, Nortwestern Philippines.
    • In V. Christensen and D. Pauly (eds), Tropic Models of Aquatic Ecosystem. ICLARM Conference proceedings. Volume 26
    • Coll, J. C. Bowden, B. F. Meehan, G. V. Konig, G. M. Caroll, A. R. Tapiolas, D. M. Aliño, P. M. Heaton, A. De Nys, R. Leone, P. A. Maida, M. Aceret, T. L. Willis, R. H. Ba, (1994) Chemical aspects of mass spawning in corals. I. Sperm-attractant molecules in the eggs of the scleractinian coral Montipora digitata.
    • Marine Biology. Volume 118
    • Aliño, P. M. Juinio-Menez, Gomez, E. D., (1994) Development in planning & managements of coastal resources in the Philippines.
    • In: Proc. Reg. Workshop in planning & management on the coastal resources, Malaysia.
    • De Nys, R. Wright, A. D. Konig, G. M. Sticher, O. Aliño, P. M., (1993) Five new sequiterpenes from the red alga Laurencia flexilis.
    • Journal of Natural Products. Volume 56
    • Ochavillo, D. Dixon, P. Aliño, M. P., (1992) The daily food ration of parrotfishes in the fringing reefs of Bolinao, Pangasinan, Northwestern Philippines.
    • Proc. 7th International Coral Reef Symp., June 22-26, 1992 Guam, U.S.A.
    • Uychiaoco, A. J. Aliño, P. M. Bermas, N. A., (1992) Some structuring forces and distribution patterns of coral and benthic lifeform communities in the Philippines.
    • 7th International Coral Reef Symp. June 22-26, 1992, Guam, U.S.A.
    • Bermas, N. A. Aliño, P. M. Atrigenio, M. P. Uychiaoco, A., (1992) Observations on the reproduction of scleractinian and soft corals in the Philippines.
    • 7th International Coral Reef Symp. June 22-26, 1992, Guam, U.S.A.
    • Aliño, P. M. Coll, J. C. Sammarco, P. W., (1992) Toxic prey discrimination in a highly specialized predator Chaetodon melannotus (Block et Schneider): visual vs. chemical cues.
    • Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Volume 164
    • Aliño, P. M. Gomez, E. D., (1995) Philippine coral reef conservation: its significance to the South China Sea.
    • Proc. Regional Conf. East-West Center Assoc. Nov. 5-6,1993 Okinawa, Japan.
    • Ochavillo, D. Hernandez, H. Aliño, P. M., (1992) The effects of the Mt. Pinatubo eruption on the coral reef fish communities of Zambales.Third ASEAN Science Technology Week Conference Proceedings Marine Science
    • Department of Zoology National University of Singapore and National Science and Technology Board Singapore.
    • Uychiaoco, A. J. Aliño, P. M. Atrigenio, M. P., (1992) Video and other monitoring techniques for coral reef communities. IN Third ASEAN Science and Technology Week Conference Proceedings Marine Science.
    • Deparment of Zoology, National University of Singapore and National Science and Technology board, Singpore.
    • Pamintuan, I. S. Aliño, P. M. Gomez, E. D. Yap, M. R. S., (1992) Patterns of recruitment of the fish and macrobenthic organisms on two artificial reef sites in Bolinao, Pangasinan, Philippines.Third ASEAN Science and Technology Week Conference Proceedings Marine Science.
    • Deparment of Zoology, National University of Singapore and National Science and Technology Board, Singapore.
    • Aliño, P. M. UYchiaoco, A. J. Bermas, N. A. Gomez, E. D., (1992) Assemblage structure of coral reef fish: Multi-scale correlations with environmental variables.In. Third ASEAN Science and Technology Week Conference Proceedings Marine Science.
    • Deparment of Zoology National University of Singapore and National Science and Technology Board, Singapore.
    • Yap, H. T. Aliño, P. M. Gomez, E. D. , (1992) Trends in growth and mortality of three coral species (Anthoza: Scleractinia), including effects of transplantation.
    • Marine Ecology Progress. Volume 83
    • Aliño, P. M. Sammarco, P. W. Coll, J. C., (1992) Competitives strategies in soft corals (Coelenterata, Octocorallia), IV. Induced reversals in competitive superiority.
    • Marine Ecology Progress. Volume 81
    • Chou, L. M. Aliño, P. M., (1992) An underwater Guide to the South China Sea.
    • Times, Editions, Singapore.
    • Aliño, P. M. Coll, J. C., (1990) Observations of the synchronized mass spawning and post settlement activity of octocorals on the Great Barrier Reef Australia: Biological aspects .
    • Bulletin Marine Science. Volume 45, No. (3):
    • Hernandez, H. B. Aliño, P. M. Jarre, A., (1990) Comparative estimation of the food consumption of Siganus fuscescens, an important herbivore of seagrass communities in Bolinao, Pangasinan Philippines.
    • Proc. 1st National Symposium in Marine Science.
    • Aliño, P. M. Hilomen, V. C. Albaladejo, V. Miclat, R., (1990) The marine environment around Toledo City (1983-1987) Cebu, Philippines: I. Coral and fish community structure.
    • Proc. 1st National Symposium in Marine Science.
    • Coll, J. C. Bowden, B. F. Aliño, P. M. Heaton, A. Konig, G. M. De Nys, R. Willis, R. H., (1989) Chemically mediated interactions between marine organism.
    • Chemica Scripta. Volume 29
    • Aliño, P. M. Sammarco, P. W. Coll, J. C., (1988) Studies on the feeding preferences of Chaetodon melannotus (Pisces) for soft corals (Coelenterata: Octocorallia).
    • Proceedings of the 6th International Coral Reef Symposium, Townsville, Australia. Volume 3
    • Aliño, P. M., (1986) Notes on the coral community structure of a backreef area in Cangaluyan Island, Pangasinan.
    • Natural and Applied Science Bulletin. Volume 37, No. (3):
    • Howard, L. S. Crosby, D. G. Aliño, P. M., (1986) Evaluation of some methods for quantitatively assesssing the toxicity of heavy metals to corals.
    • In: (P.L. Jokiel and R.H. Richmond, eds.)Coral Reef Population Biology, Hawaii.
    • Aliño, P. M., (1986) A comparison of coral community structures on reef flats in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. In P. L. Jokiel and R. H. Richmond (eds).
    • Coral Reef Population Biology Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Technical Report No. 37. Sea Grant Cooperative Report UNIHI-SEAGRANT-CR-86-01.
    • Theede, H. Aliño, P. M. Rosito, R. M., (1985) Heavy metals in bivalves of the harbor area of Cebu City (Philippines).
    • The Philippines Scientist. Volume 22
    • Palaganas, V. P. Sy, J. Aliño, P. M., (1985) Coral communities of the Tubbataha atolls (Southern Philippines).
    • Proc. 5th International Coral Reef Symposium Tahiti, French Polynesia. Volume 6
    • Gomez, E. G. Alcala, A. C. Yap, H. T. Alcala, L. C. Aliño, P. M., (1985) Growth studies of commercially important scleractinians.
    • Proceedings, 5th International Coral Reef Symposium, Tahiti, French Polynesia. Volume 6
    • Aliño, P. M. Banzon, P. Yao, H. T. Gomez, E. D. Morales, J. T. Bayoneto, R. P., (1985) Recovery and recolonization on a damaged backreef area at Cangaluyan Island, Northern Philippines.
    • Proceedings of the 5th International Coral Reef Symposium, Tahiti, French Polynesia. Volume 4
    • Bolanos, A. B. Aliño, P. M., (1984) Some aspects of degradation in the coral reef ecosystems of the Philippines.
    • Proc. MAB/ COMAR Regional Seminar: Man's Impact on Coastal Estuarine Ecosystems Tokyo, Japan.
    • Aliño, P. M., (1984) The effect of mine tailings on the coral community structure at Toledo City, Philippines.
    • Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on our Environment, Singapore.
    • Corpuz, V. Aliño, P. M., (1983) Preliminary notes on the coral reef fishes of Toledo City, Cebu.
    • The Philippines Scientist. Volume 20
    • Aliño, P. M., (1982) Wellsophyllia radiata a new record for the Philippines.
    • Kalikasan, Philippine Journal of Biology. Volume 11, No. (1):
    • Aliño, P. M. Ross, Rosaroso, V. Orosco, C., (1981) A report on the subtidal marine environment of the Philippine Mining Services Corporation Pier at Alcoy, Cebu.
    • The Philippine Scientist. Volume 18
    • Glenn, C. McManus, J. W. Talaue, L. L. Aliño, P. M. Banzo, V. F., (1981) Distribution of living foraminifers on a portion of Apo Reef, Mindoro, Philippines.
    • Proceedings of the 4th International Coral Reef Symposium, Manila, Philippines. Volume 2
    • Arceo, H.O. Quibilan, M.C. Aliño, P.M. Licuanan, W.Y., (1999) Coral bleaching in the Philippine reefs; Coincident evidences with mesoscale thermal anomalies.
    • Bulletin of Marine Science Volume 69(2)
    • Aliño, Porfirio M., () Transition from Common to Private Coasts: Consequences of Privatization of the Coastal Commons
    • Ocean & Coastal Management Volume 54, No. 1
    • Aliño, Porfirio M. Villanoy, Cesar L., (2011 Jan) A Multi-scale Biophysical Model to Inform Regional Management of Coral Reefs in the Western Philippines and South China Sea
    • Environmental Modelling & Software Volume 26, No. 1

Trainings

    • UNEP-COBSEA Workshop on Case Studies of Marine Protected Areas, 1993 - 1993, Penang, Malaysia
    • UNDP Postdoctoral Travel/Fellowship, 1989 - 1990, Australia
    • UNESCO Octocoral Taxonomy Training / Workshop, 1987 - 1987, Phket, Thailand
    • UNEP/UNESCO Coral Taxonomy Training Course, 1984 - 1984, Phuket, Thailand
    • Coral reef Population Biology Summer Research Training Program, 1983 - 1983, University of Hawaii, USA
    • UNESCO/IOC, Biological Oceanography for the Western Pacific: The Study of Tropical Marine Shallow, 1981 - 1981, Cebu City
    • PCARR Training Course on Statistical Analysis and Experimental Design, 1979 - 1979, Los Baños, Laguna